With marijuana use rising among pregnant women, study raises new concerns — ScienceDaily

Pregnant women who use cannabis may slightly increase the risk their unborn child will develop psychosis later in life, suggests new research from Washington University in St. Louis.

“Our research shows that prenatal marijuana exposure after maternal knowledge of pregnancy is associated with a small increase in psychosis proneness during middle childhood or about age 10,” said Jeremy Fine, an undergraduate majoring in psychological & brain sciences in Arts & Sciences at Washington University and the study’s lead author.

The findings come on the heels of several national studies documenting a dramatic increase in marijuana usage by pregnant women, including a 2018 study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis that found past-month marijuana use among pregnant mothers in the United States increased by 75 percent between 2002 (2.85 percent) and 2016 (4.98 percent).

As more states legalize medicinal and recreational use of cannabis, other reports suggest that many marijuana dispensaries commonly suggest cannabis as a natural cure for pregnancy related nausea.

This latest study, published March 27 in the journal JAMA Psychiatry, suggests that pregnant women should be discouraged from using cannabis at any time in their pregnancy because so little is yet known about its health effects.

But its findings also raise new concerns that prenatal exposure to cannabis may pose a greater risk after the fetal brain begins to develop a receptor system for endocannabinoids, which are part of the naturally occurring neurotransmitter network through which cannabis affects the brain.

“One possible explanation for the finding of increased psychosis risk for marijuana use following, but not before, knowledge of pregnancy is that the endocannabinoid receptor system may not be in place during the early weeks of pregnancy,” said Ryan Bogdan, associate professor of psychological & brain sciences and senior author of the paper. “Prenatal cannabis exposure may be associated with later psychosis proneness in offspring only when there is sufficient fetal endocannabinoid type 1 receptor expression, which may not occur until after many mothers learn they are pregnant.”

Bogdan, who directs the Washington University BRAIN Lab where the research took place, said these latest findings build on other basic research suggesting that endocannabinoid signaling may contribute to processes, such as neurogenesis and neural migration, that play important roles in early development of brain structure and connections.

“This study raises the intriguing possibility there may be developmental windows during which cannabis exposure may be more likely to increase psychosis risk,” he said.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the principal psychoactive component of marijuana, mimics our body’s endocannabinoids and binds to endocannabinoid receptors to exert its effects. Various studies have confirmed that THC crosses the placental barrier to gain access to the developing fetus.

“Data from rodent studies suggest that the endocannabinoid type 1 receptor, through which the psychoactive effects of THC largely arise, is not expressed until the equivalent of 5-6 weeks of human gestation,” Fine said. “Given that mothers in our study on average learned of their pregnancy at 7.7 weeks, it is plausible that any impact of THC on psychosis risk would not arise until sufficient endocannabinoid type 1 receptors are expressed.”

The BRAIN Lab findings are based on data from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study, an ongoing longitudinal study of child health and brain development with data collection sites throughout the nation. They used data from the initial ABCD baseline data release which included survey responses from 3,774 mothers about marijuana usage during 3,926 pregnancies. Risk of psychosis in the 4,361 children born from these pregnancies between 2005 and 2008 was measured using a questionnaire administered to the children between ages 8.9 and 11 years.

Among the 4,361 children sampled in this study, 201 (4.61 percent) were reported to have been exposed to marijuana before birth. Of these, 138 were exposed only before mothers knew they were pregnant; two were exposed only after the mother knew she was pregnant.

Bogdan and his co-authors acknowledge that the study has many limitations, including the small sample of prenatal cannabis-exposed offspring; potential maternal underreporting of use during pregnancy; imprecise data on timing, amount, frequency and potency of cannabis exposure; absence of data on whether childhood psychosis proneness is associated with conversion to psychosis; and lack of data on some potential confounders, such as maternal stress and genetic risk of psychosis among parents.

“Our research is correlational and as such cannot draw causal conclusions,” said Allison Moreau, study co-author and a graduate student in psycholody at Washington University. “However, that the relationship between prenatal marijuana exposure following maternal knowledge of pregnancy was associated with offspring psychosis proneness after accounting for potentially confounding variables — such as maternal education, prenatal vitamin usage, prenatal alcohol and nicotine use, child substance use, and so on — increases the plausibility that prenatal cannabis exposure may contribute to a small risk of increased psychosis liability in children.”

The study provides further evidence that expectant mothers should think twice before considering cannabis usage during pregnancy.

“Given increasing cannabis accessibility and potency, as well as growing public perceptions that it’s safe to use, it is critical for additional research to understand the potential adverse consequences and benefits of cannabis throughout development and how these associations may arise.” Bogdan said. “In the meantime, evidence that prenatal marijuana use is associated with a small increase in offspring psychosis proneness suggests that marijuana use during pregnancy should be discouraged until more is known.”

Other Washington University co-authors include Nicole Karcher, post-doctoral research scholar; Arpana Agrawal, professor of psychiatry; and Cynthia Rogers, assistant professor of child psychiatry, all in the Department of Psychiatry in the School of Medicine; and Deanna Barch, chair of the Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences in Arts & Sciences and the Gregory B. Couch Professor of Psychiatry at the School of Medicine.

Funding for this study was provided by the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study, which was funded by awards from the National Institutes of Health and additional federal partners .

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Texas Health Commissioner Signs Order Descheduling Hemp – Weed News


An amendment authored by the Texas Department of State Health Services removes industrial hemp and certain hemp-derived cannabinoids from the state’s controlled substances act. The order takes effect on April 5.

The order states that under Texas law, “The term marihuana does not include hemp,” as defined under the provisions of the 2018 Farm Act. The language also exempts certain compounds extracted from industrial hemp from the state list of controlled substances.

In December, the President signed legislation into law amending the federal Controlled Substances Act of 1970 so that hemp plants containing no more than 0.3 percent THC are no longer classified as a schedule I controlled substance under federal law. The Act also broadens the definition of ‘hemp’ (Section 297A) to include “any part of the plant, including … extracts [or] cannabinoids” that do not possess greater than 0.3 percent THC on a dry weight basis. The new order comports Texas’ statutes with the federal law.

Speaking to Congress in March, Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue said that the Department is working to create federal hemp regulations by 2020. Under the provisions of the 2018 Farm Bill, US states that wish to license commercial hemp cultivation must submit their plan to the USDA.

Currently, there are no specific Texas statutes establishing regulations for the commercial production of industrial hemp. The state does regulate the production and dispensing of CBD, but only through a narrow medical program.

For more information, contact Texas NORML.

Source: NORMLmake a donation

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Choosing The Right Indoor Hydroponic Growing Lights, Tents And Nutrients In Canada – Weed News

indoor cannabis growing

Your indoor plants need proper nutrition to grow nutritiously. You could simply just water the plants and put it in front of a window for some light, but that simply is not enough for some plants. Plants need the right lights to make them grow, tents to help hold in the CO2 so that the plants can grow stronger and healthier, and the right plant food with extra nutrients that help the plant get the proper nutrition so that it does not only grow but so that they grow strong and have a long life with the plant giving you beautiful blooms for many years.

There are three major types of hydroponic grow lights in modern indoor gardens, and each of them comes with their own benefits.

1.) Fluorescent grow lights- these are typically used in very small gardens, and for gardeners that are just starting out with their little indoor gardens. These lights are limited in what they can do because they only make a white light which is low intensity, which means they cannot give off the broad spectrum of light that plants need to grow to their full potential. Therefore, these lights are best used with things like seeds and clones. Since it is a low-intensity white light, it does not give off much heat which means that the light can be put as close to the plant as you want without running
the risk of burning it, though most professionals recommend keeping it at a distance of 4 to 6 inches away.

2.) high-intensity discharge grow lights- these lights give off a broader spectrum of lights which means it imitates sunlight more closely. The HD lights are best used for general hydroponic growing. They do, however, give off a light of heat which means it is recommended to keep them a safe distance from the plant and the use of a cooling fan, so your plants don’t burn.

3.) LED grow lights- this type of light emits light through a current and forms a simple semiconductor. There is a number of advantages for using the LED lights: they produce very little heat, they last from 7-10 years meaning it will save you money in the long run, and they come in a variety of colors which are used for each stage of growth.

Hydroponic tents are also a necessity when it comes down to growing your indoor hydroponic garden. There are a few of the best grow tents, and you need to know how to pick the best one to suit your needs.

1.) Gorilla Grow Tent- this is the largest commercial grow tent, and it is designed for hydroponic growers that are at the beginning and intermediate stages. This tent has a solid metal structure which ensures sturdiness, and ease of assembly. The connectors are easily identifiable so that set up takes no time at all. It can be extended to ten feet if it needs to be and the roof blocks out unhealthy radiation from the plants.

2.) Apollo Horticulture Mylar- is highly reflective so light is focused directly on the plant. It is a light, but a sturdy tent and is manufactured to preserve light and maintain a constant inner temperature.

Knowing which nutrients are the right ones to use when you are growing plans with the hydroponics method is essential if you want your garden to flourish. You have to know how to pick the right medium, bloom booster, and get the vital nutrients that the garden needs.

One essential nutrient you need is a good flushing agent. Flushing agents remove salt and get rid of heavy metal buildup on the plants so that they are left with their own natural essence. Another important nutrient would be a bloom booster which will help increase the size and density of the bust you are growing and therefore give you a bigger yield.

You may also want to look into a nutrient called Mycorrhizae which is a tiny fungal bacteria that attaches to the root of a plant and gathers nutrients and moisture to deliver to it. This is a natural relationship between bacteria and plant that is found in nature so using it in your indoor garden is not only natural but beneficial.

Another thing to consider is finding a great source for your lights, nutrients, grow tents and other indoor growing equipment. We have used Canada Grows Indoors LLC in the past and found there service is excellent.

All of these are essential factors to think about before starting your hydroponic garden. You have to have the right type of light, tent covering, and nutrients to get your garden to grow to the best it can be.

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New Health Supplements In Sports – Weed News

professional sports marijuana cannabis

In the generation today, instead of utilizing artificial performance enhancing drugs like steroids in sports, athletes are now using natural elite vitamins. Recommended sports supplements include natural herbs, marijuana and hemp pills, fat burners, weight gain powders, and other nutritional multivitamins.

Natural supplements enhance the body’s capability to recover at a faster rate and perform to a higher level. Unlike steroids it does not directly affect skill, strength, or speed but natural supplements do allow the body to improve steadily over time.

Superior athletes are being uncovered in every corner of the world. Our schools are producing professional and collegiate level athletes at an extreme rate through nutrition, applied science, strength and conditioning that has become achievable for even the youngest athletes who go on to grow and development into elite sport competitors. Hemp derived cannabidiol has become federally legal in the U.S. and opening opportunities for athletes to use CBD as a means to help the body with its many health benefits.

Today technology is used to record data analysis, improve patterns in performance, also accuracy and consistency probabilities leading to an elite generation of athletes. Now a general manager of a sports franchise hosting party functions to enhance their team’s brand is supported with today’s implementation of social media amplifying every game and movement players make. This increases the prospects for young athletes to be discovered. Schools now use companies like Athletic Junction to provide their students access to a sports events that gives them options for ticket purchases, fan merchandise, and other mobile applications to improve the experience of athletes.

Legalization of cannabis has been nationally legalized in Canada. Many states have legalized marijuana and the federal legalization of hemp has been recently approved in the U.S. With many of the world’s top economical countries leading to completely legalizing both marijuana and hemp, organization from businesses to athletic leagues are finding reasons to either still keep them banned or lead the way in the fight against big pharmaceutical companies. Today’s social media has opened the eyes to those who have a voice which are every day citizens, that plus governments finding ways
to tax the hemp and marijuana. That aside, the natural benefits have allowed many suffering from physical ailments ranging from contact sports injuries to cancer to recover. Instead of being listed as a performance enhancer many are fighting to legalize CBD as a replacement for opiods. Overall,
nutritional awareness is leading to a better athlete in today’s sports.

Technology united with training and enhanced nutrition will generate the next era of great athlete and athletic display in sports entertainment!

In the generation today, rather than utilizing artificial performance enhancing medicine like steroids in sports, athletes are currently exploiting the use of organic super supplements. Recommended sports supplements embrace natural herbs, CBD capsules, fat burners, weight gain syrups like apetamin, and other different biological multivitamins.

Organic supplements heighten the body’s capability to recover at a quicker rate and perform to the next level. Differently than steroids it doesn’t directly have an effect on the bodies ability, strength, or speed however natural supplements do enable the body to enhance steady over time.

Elite physical competitors are being uncovered in each corner of the world. Our schools and colleges are developing skilled and collegial level athletes at an intense rate through nutrition, technology, strength and conditioning that has become accomplishable for even the youngest athletes who go on to grow and development into superior sport competitors. Hemp derived cannabidiol has become federally legal within the U.S. and providing opportunities for athletes to use CBD as a way to assist the body with its numerous health advantages.

Today technology has given us the capability to record date analysis, improve patterns in performance, additionally accuracy and consistency probabilities resulting in an elite generation of athletes. Currently a general manager of a sports franchise hosting company events to boost their
team’s brand is supported with today’s implementation of social media amplifying every game and movement players make. This will increase the prospects for young athletes to be discovered. Schools and colleges currently use corporations like Athletic Junction to supply their students with
access to school events that provides them choices for ticket purchases, spirit attire from the school store, and other different mobile applications to enhance the experience of athletes.

Technology united with coaching and increased nutrition can generate an extreme era of superior athletes and athletic showing in sports entertainment!

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Outgoing FDA-Head Says Crafting CBD-Specific Regulations May Take Years – Weed News

fda cbd

The outgoing commissioner of the US Food and Drug Administration, Scott Gottlieb, has reaffirmed his stance that it could take several years for the agency to create regulations specific to the marketing of certain CBD-infused products.

Gottleib insisted that regulating CBD requires a “highly novel rulemaking process” that could take years to finalize. He further suggested that this process could be expedited if Congress enacted explicit legislation addressing the issue.

His statements echo comments he made earlier this month when he cautioned it could take up to four years for the FDA to create a regulatory pathway for the retail sale of CBD-infused food products or health food supplements.

Gottleib advised that the agency is putting together a working group to study the issue, and that it could have initial recommendations by as early as this summer.

In December, Congress enacted legislation removing industrial hemp (defined as cannabis containing less than 0.3 percent THC) and products containing cannabinoids derived from hemp from the federal Controlled Substances Act. However, the following day, the FDA stated, “[I]t’s unlawful under the FD&C Act (US Food Drugs and Cosmetics Act) to introduce food containing added CBD or THC into interstate commerce, or to market CBD or THC products as, or in, dietary supplements, regardless of whether the substances are hemp-derived.” That announcement led to regulatory agencies in several states pulling certain CBD-infused products from the retail market.

An archived video of the FDA commissioner’s comments is online.

Source: NORMLmake a donation

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Ty Outlaw’s Situation Is A Classic Example Of Sports Cannabis Stigma – Weed News

ty outlaw virginia tech
(image via SI.com)

News broke this week that Virginia Tech guard/forward Ty Outlaw had been charged with a cannabis crime after law enforcement served a search warrant on his residence in Virginia and found cannabis during the search. Virginia Tech is currently in the NCAA tournament and is scheduled to play top-seeded Duke today.

For most of this week, it was thought that Ty Outlaw would not be able to play in the game due to the cannabis charge. However, it was confirmed yesterday that Outlaw will be able to play in the game after having taken and passed a drug test.

Ty Outlaw’s status should have never been up in the air to begin with. Cannabis prohibition is a harmful policy that perpetuates institutional racism, whether it’s in sports or outside of sports, and Mr. Outlaw’s situation is an unfortunate example of that.

As details surrounding the cannabis charge emerged, things became progressively more ridiculous. For starters, Mr. Outlaw was not even present when the warrant was served in Virginia and was actually across the country in California with his team at the time.

Law enforcement served a search warrant at his residence in response to a ‘disturbance’ and after finding cannabis present, for some reason decided to charge Ty Outlaw with possessing the cannabis found. It’s a bizarre use of prosecutorial discretion, to say the least.

What was also bizarre was the ‘solution’ that Virginia Tech came up with in order to determine Outlaw’s eligibility for what can only be described as the most important game of Outlaw’s life. Virginia Tech made Outlaw take a drug test, and since he passed it, he is able to play. Outlaw still faces prosecution in Virginia.

It begs the question, what if Outlaw had not passed the drug test? Would he have been prevented from playing today? Ty Outlaw’s fate should not have been decided by whether or not he had THC metabolites in his system. It’s possible that someone can fail a drug test for THC from simply being around secondhand cannabis smoke.

If Mr. Outlaw had been prevented from playing today for having THC metabolites in his system his situation would have been an even bigger injustice than it already was. The fact of the matter is that Ty Outlaw is a victim of Virginia’s harmful cannabis prohibition law.

In Virginia, African-Americans are arrested at nearly 3 times the rate for cannabis as are Caucasians, despite usage rates being roughly the same. Even worse, that disparity is increasing. Cannabis prohibition in Virginia is a clear form of institutional racism, and the NCAA perpetuates that when it uses cannabis arrests to punish players.

As previously stated, Ty Outlaw gets to play today, which is good news for him and his team. He is an invaluable part of the Virginia Tech basketball program and the Uncle Cliffy crew wishes him the best. However, Outlaw is not in the clear yet. In addition to still facing prosecution in Virginia, he likely faces ongoing stigma.

As they too often do, members of sports media jumped to conclusions when news broke about Outlaw and they took a position that is on the wrong side of history. He was condemned and painted as ‘letting down his team’ by members of sports media who unfairly made him out to be some type of bum.

Ty Outlaw is 23 years old. He is of legal age to consume legal cannabis in 10 states and Washington D.C. He is also of legal age to consume legal cannabis in two countries (Canada and Uruguay). Yet his worth was diminished by sports media and his fate was decided by a drug test, despite the fact that he can be a legal consumer in those places.

“I have been personally charged with a cannabis offense for cannabis that was not mine in my past, and had to deal with the unfair stigma that resulted from it. It’s nothing that I would want to wish on anyone. Hopefully Mr. Outlaw overcomes the unfair legal issue that he is now facing and is able to move on with his life. He is a talented young man with a lot of life ahead of him, and he should be measured by his skills and moral character, and not whether he uses a plant that has been found to be 114 times safer than alcohol.” Clifford Robinson said.

What will it take for the NCAA, sports media, and the greater sports community to establish a consistently sane approach to the topic of cannabis rather than the current approach of embracing reefer madness? What happened to Ty Outlaw is shameful and it should never happen to anyone ever again.

Source: UncleCliffy.com – syndicated with special permission

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Georgia Senate Votes in Favor of Medical Marijuana Access Bill

The Georgia Senate voted to approve a bill on Friday that would give medical marijuana patients a legal avenue to obtain their medicine. Under the bill, HB 324, a regulated system for growing, processing, and distributing cannabis oil would be established. Georgia’s medical marijuana program only permits the use of cannabis oil with no more than 5 percent THC by registered patients with one or more of 16 qualifying serious medical conditions. However, current regulations do not allow for medical marijuana cultivation, processing, or sales, which leaves patients with no way to legally obtain cannabis oil. The bill was approved by the Georgia House of Representatives earlier this month.

The Senate voted 44-8 to pass the measure on Friday, but only after significant changes were made by the Senate Regulated Industries Committee on Wednesday. Under the Senate version, only two cultivation licenses would be issued by the state, one for a large operation and one for a small grower, instead of the 10 licenses in the House bill. Amendments also reduced the number of retail dispensaries for the state’s 8,400 registered patients from 60 to 10. The Senate’s amendments also would allow two universities to create cannabis research and manufacturing programs. Another change made by the Senate committee would create a commission to regulate the sourcing of cannabis oil from other states.

“That will be the fastest way — for sure— to get products our citizens need,” said Sen. Bill Cowsert.

Mom Seeks Support of Lawmakers

Before the bill was approved by the committee on Wednesday, a tearful Shannon Cloud pleaded with senators for their support of the measure. Her 13-year-old daughter has a severe form of epilepsy known as Dravet syndrome, which can cause dozens or even hundreds of seizures per day.

“Every morning, when my daughter wakes up, I wait to see when I go into her room: is she going to be breathing or am I going to find her face down in her pillow?” Cloud said. “If that one seizure can be prevented and that’s the one that can take her life, then that’s why we need access to this medicine.”

Rep. Micah Gravley, the bill’s sponsor in the House, addressed concerns that cannabis oil would still be illegal under federal law, saying the bill would send a message to residents of Georgia that “your state is going to give you immunity to treat your loved one with something you know works when all the other prescriptions have not worked.”

Gravley emphasized that the bill “is not tied to legalizing recreational use for kids and adults.”

Lt. Gov. Geoff Duncan apparently believes otherwise, however, saying after the vote that “there is no part of me that wants any steps toward recreational marijuana.”

Sen. Matt Brass argued for passage of the bill, saying that it would allow families with sick children to more easily access cannabis oil.

“Some may argue that this is not medicine,” Brass said. “But we had testimony of children having 80 to 100 seizures a day, but after taking the oil are having just one a week.”

HB 324 will now head back to the House for consideration of the Senate’s amendments. To pass, both bodies will have to approve a compromise measure before the end of the legislative session on Tuesday. Without elaborating further, Gravley said that there are “many, many problems” with the Senate’s version of the bill.

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High Times Announces The 2019 Women Of Weed Honorees – Weed News

high times logo

High Times, cannabis’ most well-known brand, today announced its second annual ‘Women of Weed’ Power Players list. Honoring the women leading the cannabis movement forward, the selection compiles executives from across the cannabis landscape, from cultivation through distribution.

Conceived to celebrate the female executives driving this industry forward, and the beacon of inclusion this inspires, this collection of honorees strives to uplift those leading the way not only for their brands, but for female executives and entrepreneurs everywhere.

The Women of Weed honorees are nominated by High Times pool of writers and editors for their notable achievements as executives in the space. The nominations were compiled due to the honoree’s leadership, stature and advancements within the cannabis industry, most notably focusing on how these individuals are leading the push for social justice, and helping the larger community forward. These women have fought for acceptance, equality, scientific and criminal reform, all while building brands and innovating the industry around them.

The full list of the Women of Weed honorees can be found here.

About the Event:

The High Times’ Women of Weed event, taking place on the 29th of March, will celebrate the many female founders and executives driving the business of Cannabis, and encourage collaboration across those female-lead brands and groups. Presented by the women of High Times, this event will feature leading female executives from throughout the industry, including speeches from High Times board-member and former Overstock.com President Stormy Simon, as well as last year’s cover-recipient, Corey Thomas.

Who: High Times Magazine
What: A Gathering of Female Cannabis Executives Elevating the Industry
When: Friday, March 29th
Where: Boulevard 3 (6523 Sunset Blvd, LA, CA)

High Times is proud to honor those moving the industry forward, especially the powerful women leading the charge. For more information, or to request a ticket to the Women of Weed celebration, please reach out to mediateam@hightimes.com.

About High Times

For more than 44 years High Times has been the world’s most well-known cannabis brand – championing the lifestyle and educating the masses on the benefits of this natural flower. From humble beginnings as a counterculture lifestyle publication, High Times has evolved into hosting industry-leading events like the Cannabis Cup and the High Times Business Summits, while providing digital TV and social networks, globally distributed merchandise, international licensing deals, and millions of fans and supporters across the globe. In the world of Cannabis, High Times is the arbiter of quality.

Source: GlobeNewswire

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Humboldt Farms Handing Out Bouquets To Celebrate Los Angeles Debut

California is in super bloom, a dramatic ramp-up of its wildflower population caused by the state’s recent heavy rain and ideal warmth conditions. Perhaps touring the poppy fields in Antelope Valley or Anza-Borrego Desert State Park’s lilies and primroses is the perfect stoned activity. At any rate, the super bloom has one California cannabis company thinking floral. Throughout the weekend of March 30th, Humboldt Farms is celebrating its products’ arrival to Los Angeles by passing out flower bouquets to dispensary customers.

The company is aiming for nature vibes with its product line, which includes flower, resin, and vape cartridges. Lisa Curiel Parker, Humboldt Farms communication and marketing manager, hyped that earthy link when she told High Times about this weekend’s flower giveaway with LA’s The Unlikely Florist, calling the company “completely in tune to the beautiful nature in the state.”

Humboldt Farms was founded in 2016, and puts a focus on sourcing sun-grown cannabis from farmers who have been in the Northern California cannabis industry for upwards of a decade.

“Humboldt Farms is a family business and knows the county’s rich history,” says Curiel Parker. The company likes to hype the fact that indoor cannabis grow ops constitute 3 percent of California’s energy usage — a rather staggering figure in a state with a population of over 39 million.

Fans of sun-grown buds will be pleased to know that Humboldt only recently started selling its products in Los Angeles. Those looking to snag one of its free bouquets in celebration of the SoCal arrival should keep their eyes peeled for The Unlikely Florist’s VW van outside one of the company’s distributing dispensaries (list below).

The marketing ploy is actually a very feasible way for Californian cannabis users to commemorate the super bloom — one that’s possibly even better than going out to see the flowers themselves, speaking in terms of conservation. Some nature reserves have overwhelmed by the record-breaking numbers of park visitors since the phenomenon began. One group even flew a helicopter into the middle of the delicate plants, and were stomping around in the poppies when authorities chased them back into their plane. Better to enjoy a bouquet at home with a joint in hand, if we’re not very much mistaken.

Here’s the Bloom Truck’s tentative schedule — more stops will be added throughout the weekend:

  • 3/30 at 10 AM Sunset Herbal Corner
  • 3/30 at 2 PM Exhale WeHo
  • 3/31 at 10 AM Green City Collective
  • 3/31 at 2 PM LAPCG

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Interview with the Godfather of Cannabis Research – Weed News

Godfather of Cannabis Research

The International Cannabis Business Conference has featured many amazing speakers from across the cannabis spectrum that it is extremely hard to rank how excited I’ve been to meet them and learn from them. From Tommy Chong to Rick Steves to Dr. Carl Hart to Henry Rollins and many others that I have had the honor of meeting over the past (almost) five years, I believe that I am most excited about meeting the keynote speaker for the upcoming ICBC Berlin: Dr. Raphael Mechoulam. (There are still some tickets available to hear from Dr. Mechoulam and attend Europe’s biggest B2B industry event.)

While Dr. Mechoulam may be relatively unknown outside of the cannabis community, the Godfather of Cannabis Research is a legend to those that have dedicated their lives to ending cannabis prohibition and opening up the medicinal possibilities of the cannabis plant. The Israeli researcher’s accomplishments are enough to fill up several lifetimes: the first to isolate (some say “discover”) Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, known as THC; establishing the structure of cannabidiol (CBD); identified the brain’s first endogenous cannabinoid, anandamide; and discovered a second endogenous compound, named 2-AG. And he’s not finished yet!

The good doctor was willing to answer some questions via email ahead of his keynote address at the ICBC Berlin. Like a thorough researcher and professor (he’s a professor of medicinal chemistry at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem), his answers came with references and I posted them in their entirety below.

Anthony Johnson: What has been most rewarding about your cannabis research? (Or a few of the rewarding things?)

Dr. Mechoulam: The identification of the first endogenous cannabinoid – anandamide. See W.A. Devane, L. Hanus, A. Breuer, R.G. Pertwee, L.A. Stevenson, G. Griffin, D. Gibson, A. Mandelbaum, A. Etinger and R. Mechoulam.  Isolation and structure of a brain constituent that binds to the cannabinoid receptor.  Science 258, 1946-1949 (1992).

As well as the isolation and structure elucidation of THC, see: Gaoni and R. Mechoulam.  Isolation, structure and partial synthesis of an active constituent of hashish.  J. Amer. Chem. Soc.,86, 1646-1647 (1964).

And more recently, the identification of an anandamide-like endogenous compound that blocks nicotine addiction: G.Donvito, F.Piscitelli, P.Muldoon, A.Jackson, R.Vitale, E.D’Aniello, C.Giordano, B.Ignatowska-Jankowska, M. Mustafa, F.Guida, G.Petrie, L.Parker, R.Smoum, L.J. Sim-Selley, S.Maione, A.H.Lichtman, M.I.Damaj,V.Di Marzo, R. Mechoulam. N-Oleoyl glycine reduces nicotine reward and withdrawal in mice. Neuropharmacol. 148, 320-331 (2019).

Has anything surprised you about the medical benefits of the cannabis plant?

No, most of the effects seen today have been noted in ancient (or more modern) times.

What about cannabis research most interests you today?

The possibility that anandamide-like compounds are of major medical interest.

Can you discuss a bit who you are working with today and some of your current work and projects?

Reply: see above reply. For example: Smoum, A. Bar,  B. Tan, G. Milman, M. Attar-Namdar, O. Ofek,  J.M. Stuart, A. Bajayo, Y. Tam,  V. Kram, D. O’Dell, M. J. Walker, H. B. Bradshaw, I. Bab, R. Mechoulam.Oleoyl serine, an endogenous regulator of skeletal mass.Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A

Do you have any advice for those that are thinking about engaging in research, any avenues that they should take, etc?

A person should follow his own research interests and not follow the ‘crowd’.

What are your general feelings about how Israel or the greater international community has treated cannabis research since you began and in more recent years?

I have never had any red tape problems here. The University as well as the Ministry of Health have never caused any problems.

Over the last few years the interest of the general public in my research has increased (too much).

Thank you so much, Dr. Mechoulam!

This post republished with special permission from th International Cannabis Business Conference.

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